An itinerary meant to discover Italian architecture in the capital during the fascist period
Italian architecture of the fascist period, also known as “fascist architecture,” is a synthesis of different styles and currents that developed between the 1920s and 1930s. Among those that were most influential are: Rationalist architecture, a modern movement in tune with the European trends of functionalism (a movement for which a building must reflect the purpose for which it was created); the Twentieth Century Movement, which instead wants a “return to order” and the recovery of classical antiquity as a model of reference, rejecting the avant-garde experiments of the early 20th century such as Cubism and Futurism; and finally, above all, Monumentalism or Simplified Neoclassicism, which takes up the style of the Twentieth Century Movement but lightens its architectural elements and details. Through this itinerary, it will be possible to directly observe various examples and applications of this architectural movement in the EUR district of Rome, which was specially built by the Fascist Regime to host the 1942 Universal Exposition.
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