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Syracuse

Syracuse

Not many are aware of Syracuse’s background, and often people are surprised. A city established on the sea, in the middle of trade routes of the Mediterranean. Syracuse is one of Italy's most historically valuable places, able to fascinate its visitors with traditions, art and colourful culture.
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Pre-historical traces

(Di Davide Mauro, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikicommons)
(Di Davide Mauro, CC BY-SA 4.0, Wikicommons)

According to some studies and findings, the coastal area of southern Sicily was populated as early as the Neolithic period, particularly in the area of Stentinello, a Neolithic village located right next to the northern entrance to Syracuse and the plain of Targia, dating to the 5th millennium BCE. Here, the remains of rectangular piling buildings enclosed within a ditch dug into the rock, forming an oval space of about 180 x 200 meters, have been found. Burials of this culture have been spotted in other places all over Sicily. These ancient graves were oval pits dug into the rock where corpses were laid in a crouched position.

The site has been abandoned for years and is difficult to locate because of the presence of private fences and the absence of signals. In addition, finding the area where the village stood, especially the hut holes, is very difficult, given the presence of wild vegetation. The site also stands next to an industrial area, which has caused its historical value to be lost.